All of the ECOSYSTEMS (packets for our activity) had the same organisms, so why aren’t all of the food chains exactly the same?
Global Invasive Species Database- http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/
National Invasive Species Information Center (NISIC)- https://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/
Asian Shore Crab
- Eat the Invaders- http://eattheinvaders.org/blue-plate-special-asian-shore-crab/
- Texas Invasive Species Institute- http://www.tsusinvasives.org/home/database/hemigrapsus-sanguineus
- First in Maine– http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3119/14-14
- Introduced Species to Maine– http://www.columbia.edu/itc/cerc/danoff-burg/invasion_bio/inv_spp_summ/Codium_fragile.html
Chinese Mystery Snail
- New Hampshire Lakes- https://pineriverpond.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Chinese-mystery-snail-doc.pdf
- University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute- http://seagrant.wisc.edu/Home/Topics/InvasiveSpecies/InvasiveSpeciesFactSheets/Details.aspx?PostID=1950
- Aquatic Invasive Species- https://www.in.gov/dnr/files/CHINESE_MYSTERY_SNAIL.pdf
- Chinese Mystery Snail Review- AWESOME INFO- http://depts.washington.edu/oldenlab/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Bellamya-chinensis_Waltz.pdf
- Cornell Cooperative Extension- http://ccetompkins.org/environment/invasive-nuisance-species/aquatic-invasives/chinese-mystery-snail
- Minnesota Sea Grant- http://www.seagrant.umn.edu/ais/mysterysnail
- What May Eat Them…https://www.lancastereaglegazette.com/story/news/local/2016/06/16/solving-mystery-behind-chinese-mystery-snails/85981486/
ECOLOGICAL CONSUMER BASICS
- What is an omnivore? http://citadel.sjfc.edu/students/naa07113/e-port/Omnivores.html
- What is a carnivore? http://citadel.sjfc.edu/students/naa07113/e-port/Carnivores.html
- What is a herbivore? http://citadel.sjfc.edu/students/naa07113/e-port/Herbivores.html
- Herbivores, Omnivores, and Carnivores Explained- https://www.edenpetfoods.com/nutrition/herbivores-omnivores-and-carnivores-explained.html
- Animal Adaptations- The Jaw and Teeth- https://www.nku.edu/~whitsonma/Bio120LSite/Bio120LReviews/Bio120LAnimalRev.html
- Great site to help you to identify consumers and producers- http://www.qrg.northwestern.edu/projects/marssim/simhtml/
Decomposers are Nature’s ‘garbage’ recyclers! They are a special group of organisms that obtain their food by consuming dead or decaying organisms and break them down into smaller molecules called “nutrients.” Some of these nutrients enter the soil and are dissolved in water where they can be taken up by plants through their roots or by fungi through their root-like mycelium. Decomposers can be fungi, bacteria, insects and small animals such as crabs.
- Decomposers that have mouths are also called detritivores. Examples include worms, crabs, fly maggots (yuck!)
- Decomposers that don’t have mouths to eat with, break down or digest dead organisms using special enzymes and then absorb the nutrients (like a sponge absorbs water). Some examples of these decomposers include fungi and bacteria.
- Animal Diet Game– http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/kidscorner/games/animaldietgame2.htm
- Producer, Consumer, Decomposer Game– http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/kidscorner/games/producersconsumersgame.htm
Nature Works- http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/nwepecosystems.htm
A healthy ecosystem consists of native plant and animal populations interacting in balance with each other and nonliving things (for example, water and rocks). Healthy ecosystems have an energy source, usually the sun. The sun provides radiant energy for producer (plant) growth. Producers change radiant energy into chemical energy for use by themselves and by consumers. Consumers eat producers. Higherlevel consumers also eat other consumers. Decomposers break down dead plants and animals, returning vital nutrients to the soil. Plants take up these nutrients, along with water, through their roots. Ecosystems have definite boundaries. Components of a healthy ecosystem include: · sunlight (energy source) · living organisms (producers, consumers, decomposers; predator/prey) · nonliving things (land forms, water sources, soil, rocks) · dead organisms · natural boundaries (set by the living and nonliving things within the area).
Use the sites below to help you to find an invasive species to MAINE for your group project.
- Vital Signs Species ID Cards– http://vitalsignsme.org/species-identification-resources
MAINE INVASIVE SPECIES NETWORK IDENTIFICATION RESOURCES
Insects, Crustaceans, Mollusks and Fish– https://extension.umaine.edu/invasivespecies/home/photos/
Terrestial and Aquatic Plants– https://extension.umaine.edu/invasivespecies/home/id-resources2/
- Insects, Marine and Fish– https://extension.umaine.edu/invasivespecies/home/id_resources/
- Maine.gov- Lists of “Pests“– http://www.maine.gov/dacf/php/gotpests/invasive-pests.htm
- Maine Wetlands Invasive Species– http://www.maine.gov/dep/water/wetlands/invasive.html
- Maine Invasive Species Network
- Insects, Marine, and Fish– http://umaine.edu/invasivespecies/home/id_resources/
- Terrestrial and Aquatic Plants– http://umaine.edu/invasivespecies/home/id-resources2/
- Marine Invasive Species– article and list of established species- http://www.gulfofmaine-census.org/education/tools-resources/overviews/invasives/
Vital Sign Resources
- Species Cards –http://vitalsignsme.org/species-identification-resources
- Explore all data– http://vitalsignsme.org/explore/search
- The BEST DATA
- EXCELLENT DATA: Knotted Wrack– http://vitalsignsme.org/species-ascophyllum-nodosum-was-found-doomsdaybunniescm-2015-10-05
- Best All Round Species Observations– http://vitalsignsme.org/best-observations
- Great Photo Evidence– http://vitalsignsme.org/best-evidence-photos
- Impressive Sketches– http://vitalsignsme.org/best-sketches
Species to Search
Native Upland Invasive Species Cards
- Japanese knotweed, Fallopia japonica
- Japanese knotweed, Fallopia japonica, WINTER ID
- Multiflora rose, Rosa multiflora
- Oriental bittersweet, Celastrus orbiculatus UPDATED!
- Purple loosestrife, Lythrum salicaria, Spring/Summer ID
- Purple loosestrife, Lythrum salicaria, Fall/Winter ID
- Hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae
- With this species, we first need to ID a hemlock tree.
- Red pine scale, Matsucoccus matsumurae
- With this species, we first need to ID a red pine. You may be working with another team on this.
- Winter moth, Operophtera brumata
Upland Native Species Cards