NEW: June 20th:
- Rock Cycle- Study Jams: http://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/rocks-minerals-landforms/rock-cycle.htm
- Rock and Mineral Interactive Sites– http://interactivesites.weebly.com/rocks-and-minerals.html
PRETEST: I bet you know more than you think! http://www.quia.com/quiz/5910798.html
- NEW: Bozeman Science-Geology https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=acwSG17e_lQ
- NEW: Basics of Rocks and Minerals-Wicked Good! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lcrwXsxNR40
- NEW: Make Me Genius- Rock Cycle– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pwlr2uSSgcc&index=5&list=PLzCsODjKMYF6nOLmkq9w6EpYG0ltZKzM4
- NEW: The Three Types of Rocks and the Rock Cycle–
- Rocks and Minerals: WATCH
- NASAeclips- The Rock Cycle– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SRaInMDNyE8&feature=related
- Has words over it but is good! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7m8tevimgco
- GREAT SITE: All you need to know…well almost: http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/ks3/science/environment_earth_universe/rock_cycle/revision/1/
- AWESOME SITE #2: Interactives- The Rock Cycle– http://www.learner.org/interactives/rockcycle/
- The Three Main Types of Rocks- http://www.kidsloverocks.com/html/types_of_rocks.html
- Rock Types- http://www.geography4kids.com/files/earth_rocktypes.html
- Diagram and Interactive Rock Cycle http://www.learner.org/interactives/rockcycle/diagram.html
- Pearson/Prentice Hall Rock Cycle Interactive– http://www.phschool.com/atschool/phsciexp/active_art/rock_cycle/
- Rocks and the Rock Cycle– http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/content/investigations/es0602/es0602page01.cfm
- The Learning Zone- Rock Cycle– http://www.oum.ox.ac.uk/thezone/rocks/cycle/
- Rock Examples for Geology.com- http://geology.com/rocks/
- American Museum of Natural History- Three types of rocks and examples. http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/permanent-exhibitions/rose-center-for-earth-and-space/david-s.-and-ruth-l.-gottesman-hall-of-planet-earth/how-do-we-read-the-rocks/three-types-of-rock
WATCH THIS– https://vimeo.com/117845069
CHALLENGE (and more fun, I think)
- Google some images on the rock cycle until you find a few you like and use the resources below. (See the image at the top and bottom of the page.)
- Draw your own ROCK CYCLE on a blank piece of paper or use an app to create your own.
- Be sure to include:
- Each part of the cycle.
- Descriptions that tell what is happening at each part of the cycle.
- Arrows to show
- Download and fill in this worksheet- http://www.quia.com/files/quia/users/rclingerman/The-Rock-Cycle
WATCH and DANCE
Rock Cycle Song– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=53lMdHzvGCQ
WED Test on Friday– Take the Quia practice test and go on Quizlet.
- Quia (Basically is THE TEST): WED Practice Test– http://www.quia.com/quiz/6194524.html
- Quizlet– WED: Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition– https://quizlet.com/178341743/2017-weathering-erosion-deposition-flash-cards/
WED Stations and Journal Entry DUE FRIDAY
- Finish the WED stations set up around the room. The stations will be picked up after school on Thursday. Make sure your booklets are complete.
- Do the yellow OUTPUT checklist BEFORE doing the output questions.
- Put your WED station booklet on your INPUT page. (SEE BELOW)
- Do the OUTPUT questions.
- Here are the questions: https://docs.google.com/a/rsu5.org/document/d/1GSFuYnUJ93Ajs2FTqJ9YeBF43CT9nm6RkbzJNhysuRo/edit?usp=sharing
- Here is a template you can use to write your answers: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1mce7cbAZshgrL87aje52qRzqTp1jTH-FBsEUP6gZsVY/edit?usp=sharing
- Put the completed OUTPUT questions in your journal under the yellow checklist.
REVIEW- What are different types of erosion and how does GRAVITY play a part?
PART 1: JOURNAL
- Glue the foldable in your journal.
- Use the information on erosion starting on page 323 in Red Chapter 11 to find how the things on your foldable erode.
- Use the links below to help, also.
- Gravity: An Agent of Erosion: http://utahscience.oremjr.alpine.k12.ut.us/sciber08/8th/geology/html/gravity.htm
- How Does Gravity Cause Erosion? http://bhsd228.schoolwires.net/cms/lib6/IL01001099/Centricity/Domain/511/8.2%20notes.pdf
- Prezi: Erosion and Gravity– https://prezi.com/qhyeve0eo3mr/gravity-as-an-agent-of-erosion/
- Types of Erosion– http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/255153/fact-sheet-1-types-of-erosion.pdf
- National Geographic– https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/erosion/
PART 3: Online Activities
- Erosion and Changes– http://www.kineticcity.com/mindgames/warper/
- Rock Around the Park and Erosion Over Time– https://www.nps.gov/webrangers/activities/rockpark/
- Landscapes Formed by Erosion– http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/content/visualizations/es1205/es1205page01.cfm
- How Glaciers Shape the Land– http://www.glencoe.com/sites/common_assets/science/virtual_labs/ES07/ES07.html
- How Earth’s Materials are Broken Down– http://www.glencoe.com/sites/common_assets/science/virtual_labs/E06/E06.html
More Info.Erosion and Weathering- http://mpbn.pbslearningmedia.org/asset/ess05_img_erosion/
EFFECTS OF EROSION
- Effects of Erosion– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RIn5t8Vr-RM
- What is Coastal Erosion? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zUh3WeilFN4
- How People Cause Erosion– https://www.sophia.org/tutorials/concept-5-how-do-humans-impact-erosion
- Impact of Soil Erosion and Water Runoff on Natural Waterways– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=06CBL-jGguM
Chapter Review: Take this digital chapter review when you are finished with all worksheets. You may use your informational handout: CHAPTER REVIEW
PART #1- SEE GOOGLE CLASSROOM FOR YOUR READING AND WORKSHEET ASSIGNMENT!
PART #2– FINISH YOUR WEATHERING JOURNAL PAGE
PART #3-WED Stations Resources
STATION 1: Glacial Erosion- use one website or more to answer your questions.
- How do Glaciers Cause Erosion- http://peter-mulroy.squarespace.com/how-do-glaciers-cause-erosion/
- GLACIERS AND MAINE– http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mgs/explore/surficial/facts/surficial.htm
- All About Glaciers– Many types of glacial landforms. Look for “glacial erratics” on this site: https://nsidc.org/cryosphere/glaciers/questions/land.html
- Glaciers– Erosion landforms are first. Scroll down to “GLACIAL DEPOSITION”: http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/10af.html
- Landforms created by glacial erosion and deposition– easy to read presentation on glacial landforms. http://www.colorado.edu/geography/class_homepages/geog_1011_sum08/GlacialLandscapes_Bowen.PDF
STATION 2: Preventing Erosion
- Why should you grow more plants to reduce erosion? http://homeguides.sfgate.com/should-grow-plants-trees-reduce-erosion-68978.html
- Importance of Plants in Preventing Soil Erosion– http://ecomerge.blogspot.com/2010/06/importance-of-plants.html
- Maine Soil Erosion Problems
- Pollution from soil erosion– http://www.maine.gov/dep/land/erosion/
- Soil erosion=water pollution- http://thinkbluemaine.cumberlandswcd.org/homeowners/erosion.htm
- The Glacial Desert in Freeport Maine (watch the movie) http://www.desertofmaine.com/
- Why is there a desert in Maine? http://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/why-desert-middle-maine-180951555/
STATION 3: Delta Formation– watch the video AND read the information.
DELTA DEFINITION: A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake.
- EXTRA: WHAT ABOUT MAINE?
- MAINE’S Glacial Deltas– https://www1.maine.gov/dacf/mgs/explore/surficial/facts/dec03.pdf
- Androscoggin Lake’s Delta System– https://www1.maine.gov/dacf/mgs/explore/surficial/sites/apr05.pdf
STATION 4: You’re Such a Nerd
- Chemical Weathering
- Chemical weathering definition: the erosion or disintegration of rocks, building materials, etc., caused by chemical reactions (usually with water and substances dissolved in it) rather than by mechanical processes.
- Chemical Weathering for Kids– http://www.kidsgeo.com/geology-for-kids/0067-chemical-weathering.php
- Mechanical Weathering
- Mechanical weathering definition–physical processes – such as abrasion, growing plant roots, expanding ice, or burrowing animals – that naturally break rocks into smaller pieces.
- Mechanical Weathering– http://www.kidsgeo.com/geology-for-kids/0066-mechanical-weathering.php
STATION 5: Wind Erosion and Deposition
- Landforms and Wind Erosion and Deposition- http://www.ck12.org/earth-science/Landforms-from-Wind-Erosion-and-Deposition/lesson/Landforms-from-Wind-Erosion-and-Deposition-HS-ES/
- FIX-FIX-FIX Question #3: On the question, “What kind of deposition was occurring in this simulation?”, change it to WHEN DOES DEPOSITION HAPPEN IN THIS SIMULATION?
STATION 8: Chemical Weathering
- Vinegar definition- a sour-tasting liquid containing acetic acid. (Yes! Vinegar is an acid!)
- Acid Rain definition– rain that contains dangerous chemicals because of smoke from cars and factories. It is more acidic than regular rain.
- Answer to Questions 1 and 2 are found here in the following information:
- MAINE AND ACID RAIN
- The Environmental Legacy of Acid Rain in Maine- https://umaine.edu/news/blog/2016/08/09/environmental-legacy-acid-rain/
- The Rain in Maine- http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/05/04769.htm
- What is acid rain? http://www.clean-air-kids.org.uk/acidrain.html
STATION 9: Gravity Simulation
Mass Wasting Definition– the large movement of rock, soil and debris downward due to the force of gravity.
Mass Wasting Simulation and Types
- What type of mass wasting did you simulate? Your Answer is Here– http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Rockfall.aspx
- Other information on mass wasting:
- Common Types of Landslides in Maine– http://www.seagrant.umaine.edu/coastal-hazards-guide/bluffs-and-rocky-shores/learn-more/landslides
- Landslides in Maine– http://maine.gov/dacf/mgs/hazards/landslides/index.shtml
STATION 10: Wave Action
- Definition: Coastal erosion is when material along a coastline is broken down and taken away by the movement of wind & water.
- It leads to the formation of many landforms and, combined with deposition, plays an important role in shaping the coastline. https://geographyas.info/coasts/coastal-erosion/
- Information and Simulations of Different types of Coastal Erosion: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/coasts/coastal_processes_rev3.shtml
- What are issues relating to coastal erosion?
- Coastal Erosion FAQ in Maine– https://www1.maine.gov/dacf/mgs/hazards/erosion/faq.htm
- Damage in Maine due to coastal erosion– https://www1.maine.gov/dacf/mgs/explore/marine/virtual/erosion/virtual_coastal_erosion.pdf
- Erosion in Maine– https://www1.maine.gov/dacf/mgs/hazards/erosion/
- Erosion of Maine Beaches and Dunes– http://www.seagrant.umaine.edu/coastal-hazards-guide/beaches-and-dunes/learn-more/erosion
STATION 11: Water Runoff, Erosion, and Deposition
Runoff (or Surface Runoff) Definition– water, from rain, snowmelt, or other sources, that flows over the land surface. It is a major part of the water cycle and a major force of erosion.
- USGS Water Run Off– http://water.usgs.gov/edu/runoff.html
- Landforms Created by Running Water– http://www.ehow.com/info_7996540_landforms-running-water-create.html
- River Landforms- https://geographyas.info/rivers/river-landforms/
- Water Erosion– http://soilerosion.net/doc/water_erosion.html
STATION 12: Weathering
- Ice wedging– cracks in rock or other surfaces fill with water, freeze and expand, causing the cracks to enlarge and eventually break
- Root wedging– when roots end up in cracks in rocks, they eventually grow larger and can split the rock apart.
- Oxidation– when oxygen reacts with metal elements in a rock, creating a new substance. Brown/orange rust can be a clue.
- Hydrolysis– the chemical breakdown of a substance when combined with water.
- Abrasion– the wearing down of rock by friction from other rocks, materials, and processes.
- Carbonation– the mixing of water with carbon dioxide to make carbonic acid. This type of weathering is important in the formation of caves.
- Exfoliation– the rock’s layers peel off in whole sheets instead of grain by grain.
- Lichen and Moss– produce weak acids, which weaken rocks and turn some to clay.
- Types of Erosion– http://www.ducksters.com/science/earth_science/erosion.php
- National Geographic, Erosion- http://nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/erosion/
- Erosion and Deposition by Gravity- http://www.ck12.org/book/CK-12-Earth-Science-For-Middle-School/section/10.5/
WARM-UP: WED QUIZLET– https://quizlet.com/_2y6hdb
Weathering and Erosion– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HHi2gBt7gzc&list=PLRg-eXrZuuUdTB-Zi5aBnQ5RVtumPPQYt
Great Little Videos
- Mechanical/Physical Weathering– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PQPBPunHO_Q
- Mechanical Weathering– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NTiKvpIOb2Y
- Chemical Weathering– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HaMJxlnGL5c
INTERACTIVE SITES- NEED FIREFOX
GREAT for use with your science journal entry on weathering- Use the Firefox Browser for the following activities.
- Ice Wedging: Physical Weathering– http://www.harcourtschool.com/activity/science_up_close/307/deploy/interface.swf
- Types of Weathering– https://ees.as.uky.edu/sites/default/files/elearning/module07swf.swf
- Weathering– http://www.glencoe.com/sites/common_assets/science/virtual_labs/E06/E06.swf
- Shape It Up- Erosion Activity– http://sciencenetlinks.com/interactives/shapeitup_final.swf
- Erosion– Here Today, Gone Tomorrow- http://gtm-media.discoveryeducation.com/videos/DSC/externalApplications/accessible/virtual_labs-es/Erosion/index.html
- Erosion Due to Gravity: Mass Movement– https://ees.as.uky.edu/sites/default/files/elearning/module11swf.swf
LEARNING TARGET: I will understand and be able to identify different types of weathering.
VOCABULARY (We will do vocabulary boxes for each word.)
- sediment-solid material that is moved and deposited in a new location.
- sediment examples– Rocks, minerals, the remains of plants and animals. May be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a boulder.
- landform-A natural feature on the Earth’s surface.
- landform examples-Four major types: mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains. Minor include: buttes, canyons, valleys, basins, deltas and many, many others.
- weathering– The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth’s surface.
OVERVIEW: Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition
- Crash Course– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-Iak3Wvh9c
- Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZD_smP5l0e8
- Great Website for Everything– http://mrswarnerarlington.weebly.com/unit-3–changes-to-earths-surface.html
JOURNAL ENTRY: INPUT WEATHERING
- Title and date your page.
- Write the definition of weathering under the title.
- Glue the foldable in your journal so that it may open (see picture below).
- Use the resources below the journal entry description to fill in the information on the types of weathering.
- Open each flap. On the lined journal page, write the name of the type of weathering, the definition and/or description.
- On the opposite side (see image below) find three different types of this kind of weathering and describe how each happens.
- Finally- draw and color one example of each type on the outside of the “flap” as shown above.
- PHYSICAL WEATHERING-The breaking down of rocks and earth without changing the chemical make-up. They are broken apart by a physical force.
- BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING-The breaking down of rocks and earth by living organisms such as plants, animals, and bacteria. Can be physical or chemical.
- CHEMICAL WEATHERING– The breaking down of rocks and earth due to chemical reactions that happen between the minerals in rocks and the environment.
THE MAIN TYPES OF WEATHERING: Chemical, Physical, and Biological (Journal page entry)
- BBC Weathering– http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/ks3/science/environment_earth_universe/rock_cycle/revision/6/
- The Geological Society: Weathering- https://www.geolsoc.org.uk/ks3/gsl/education/resources/rockcycle/page3461.html
NOTE: Sometimes weathering is described as MECHANICAL and CHEMICAL.
Weathering can be sorted into three groups: PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL, and BIOLOGICAL. People also sort weathering into two groups: MECHANICAL and CHEMICAL.
What’s the difference?
- MECHANICAL weathering is basically includes all PHYSICAL weathering with BIOLOGICAL actions that break down the earth such as roots growing into rocks and animals burrowing through the ground.
- CHEMICAL weathering includes all of the chemical break down of rocks including acids produced by plants that weaken and break down the rocks and the earth.