Monday, May 8th
What are rocks, minerals, and elements? How are they connected? http://ratw.asu.edu/aboutrocks_whatarerocks.html
The Basic “Stuff” of Minerals and Rocks from http://www.ontariogeoscience.net/keyconceptitems/rocksandminerals.html
- At the base of all minerals and rocks are the earth’s elements.
- Elements are fundamental forms of matter which cannot be broken down into simpler substances by ordinary chemical processes. That’s why elements are considered the building blocks of our earth.
- Only about ten elements are very abundant and these combine to form about 99 percent of the solid matter of the Earth.
- The most abundant elements in the Earth’s crust, in order of weight percent are oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, hydrogen, titanium, and all other elements.
- Minerals– Are natural and inorganic (never alive) solids. Made of a specific mix of chemicals. Atoms are arranged in a special way which allow them to form as crystals.
- This website explains it best: http://www.oum.ox.ac.uk/thezone/minerals/define/
- Minerals and Elements– http://kidsgeo.com/geology-for-kids/0025-minerals.php
- Crystals– http://www.ducksters.com/science/crystals.php
- Rocks– A naturally occurring, solid mixture of minerals, grains, and sometimes other materials such as organic matter.
- What are rocks made of?
- The most common minerals you find in rocks– http://geomaps.wr.usgs.gov/parks/rxmin/mineral.html
- Sediment– Solid material that is moved and deposited in a new location.
- Sediments for Kids– https://www.swfwmd.state.fl.us/education/kids/glossary/sediment/
- What you need to know about sediment. http://education.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/sediment/
THE DIFFERENCE- ROCKs/ MINERALS COMPARISONS
- The difference- http://www.geologyin.com/2014/07/the-difference-between-rocks-and.html